Hybrid Learning by Andjela Besir
Algorithms in 2050 by Branko Grbić, Petar Vasiljević, Boban Đokić
Algorithms represent the way of finding solution to a problem. Speed is one of the most neccessary thing when building algorithm, because big data needs to be accessed and modified quick in many situations. They are found in branches such as calculation, data processing, automated reasoning and many other tasks. There are some problems that humans didn’t find fast solution yet (NP-hard complete).
Future of algorithms holds many new interesting evolutions. One of the example is advancement of artificial intelligence (AI). Right now best AI is simulating at speed of mice’s brain. Scientist guesses that by the year 2050 AI will be even faster than human brain!
Quantum programming will be so advanced that every security system that is running today will be irrelevant to the speed of quantum processing. Breaking password will finish in seconds because of the exponentially faster algorithms that uses the advantage of quantum bits.
As we approach future, so does the machine replace us slowly. I guess after 30 years there will be so many jobs that algorithms can replace and to much better and cheaper job of maintaining same quality product.
But… even with all the good stuff that future holds, danger approaches too. AI can be easily used to track and collect data from humans, invade their privacy and lives. We probably will not be so free after all. Who knows what power some human might have if he develops quantum computer before others. Privacy will probably be one of the top priority’s to secure in 2050.
Cloning and a future society
What could cloning do for us in the future? By Rastko Drndarski
Manipulation on the genetic cod through the cloning procedure is one way for a man to perfect his pursuit of perfection.Would he achive that perfection in the future or question his own survival if he did not control the possibilities of biotechnology?
Cloning technology may allow human beings to succeed in realizing their ancient dream of immortality.We could clone ourselves in order to live forever or raise clone to harvest as organ when falling sick.Is it irrational to fear such a dystopian future?
The future may belong to unnatural selection. Parents will be able to order a child with special traits and abilities.There will exist beings who will have option of extending their intellectual,emotional and spiritual capacitates beyond the levels that are possible today.This will be surely the and of humanity s childhood and the beganing of a TRANSHUMAN era.Few of us If we ménage to stay alive until than would want to go back to the past.
Cloning could bring the new man,new social class of super people,less valuble people nad super soliders.
These perspectives will surely have a consequences in the social field and ones understanding and acceptance of oneself.
So, in a society that does everything to promote perfection,the question of the survival of the human species would be raised.
Fake news by Mihailo Paunović
Fake news, also known as ‘junk news’, is a type of yellow journalism or propaganda that consists of deliberate disinformation, hoaxes and rumors spread all over the world using all types of media in order to harm a person or entity, and on the other hand to help someone to achieve their goals, usually talking about politics.
There are several types of fake news. Some of them can be entertaining, as satire, some of them can be really annoying, as clickbaits, but most of them are very unpleasant and disturbing and may have severe consequences. Fake news is being published everywhere – social medias, mainstream medias and tabloids are full of it.
Nowadays anybody can write news and that is a problem. People get paid to make and write outrageous stories that are supposed to attract many people`s attention. It is mostly used as propaganda and it reached a whole new level. In 21st century, the impact of fake news became crucial for political parties and politicians popularity. Basically, the influence of fake news can be so great, it even affects the elections. Another bad thing is that tabloids write whatever they want. They create stories, use real content out of context, manipulate with false information and make false connections when headlines or captions do not support the content. That is a great problem. How to solve it?
The answer is fact – checking. There are organizations and people whose job is to check if news is fake or real. First they identify fake news and then they mark it so readers can know it is not real. And what would it look like in 2050? In my opinion people would not have to do that anymore. The software will. The moment you try to publish something it will check if it is genuine. You would not be able to post anything unreal on mainstream media and using fake news in political purposes would not be allowed. That would make elections more fair, and nobody would be harmed by shocking, untrue stories about themselves. All real news would be verified and approved by fact – checking software. And on the other hand, there would be sites and magazines with fake news to entertain people. And people would not care about fake news like nowadays, because there would be more important things to think about, as how to save the planet from the disaster which is inevitable if we do not start to care more about our home. So, fake news will be solved by using software, while people will be trying to solve other, more important things. I think that in 2050 fake news will be forgotten. Until then do not take everything you read for granted.
How will our friendships look like in 2050? By Mateja Vrska
People are extremely social creatures, because our survival depends primarily from cooperation with other people. Importance of human relationships also emphasize numerous researches that state that chronic and intensive loneliness increase the risk for cardiovascular diseases, depression, anxiety, but also the risk for early death. On the contrary, people with good social support live longer, healthier and happier, according to researches. The significance of friendships didn’t decrease throughout history, but over time, as society was changing, new needs for connection have developed. We don’t make friends just in order to survive like our ancestors, but also for the sake of security, status in society, play, fun, laugh, happiness, fulfillment… Besides that our needs for connection became diverse, also the ways we connect have changed a lot, especially with the development of technology. What I want to analyze in this article is how our needs for relationships and ways we connect will be in 2050. I think that only difference between current and future relationships will be that today’s changes and phenomena will be more pronounces in the future and that it will reach more people. Because of this the current situation should be considered.
One of the main way of communication today is through social networks and it has sparked debate among a large number of people about whether technology have a positive or negative impact on our social lives. Arguments in favor of modern technology state that online connectivity takes less time, that there is the ability to connect with a large number of people at once, and that social networks have removed spatial barriers. On the other hand, many people think that the internet has many more downsides and claim that, together with lack of free time, stress and overcrowding, it leads to distance in everyday relationships, then to having less close friends, but also leads to replacement of face-to-face conversations. It is my opinion that social networks have many advantages when used in the right way in the right place and at the right time, but most don’t do that and it causes us to be alone together (term that Sherry Turkle defined). Social networks allow us to be connected all at once and thus give us the illusion that we never have to be alone. Whenever I feel lonely, I can take the phone and someone will always be there. That is why we are alone together, because through messages we cannot connect deeply (there is no trust, empathy, understanding, intimacy and vulnerability). Also, since we can attach to social networks whenever we want, we have lost the capacity for solitude. There is a need to be constantly connected, and because of that solitude became unbearable. This is bad, because solitude allows us to interpret the experiences we have experienced, but it is also important for the development of introspection and for getting to know ourselves, which is necessary for quality connection and mental health.
Technology also gives us lot opportunities for control. First of all, whenever I am bored during a social event, I can simply pick up my phone. When I don’t have topics to talk to someone, I pick up the phone. Certainly, this is very useful in some situations, but it has also caused our ability to concentrate to decline and to make much less effort in our friendships. Social media is full of news and interesting things that do not require much focus but which immediately grab your attention so that you cannot easily resist them. Also, instead of trying to raise a bad atmosphere or start a new topic, I’ll just pick up the phone. Human relationships are complicated and require a lot of time, effort and investment, so we can’t just get involved whenever we want and expect them to not fail because of it.
Another aspect of control is the possibility to present ourselves as we want to be. Instagram allows us to compensate for our shortcomings and eliminate imperfections by editing, deleting and modifying them. Since the emergence of Instagram, an increasing number of young people (and adults) are suffering from perfectionism, especially regarding physical appearance. Of course, correlation does not imply causality, but I think a logical connection can be made. Psychologist Sherry Turkle states that today there is a trend that can best be described with ‘I share therefore I am’. We use social networks to define ourselves, and so the only activities that are valued are the ones I can post and others will see and like – otherwise, they are meaningless. In others we see what they have posted, which is refined and therefore unrealistic posts. We see that others have ‘perfect’ lives, which is why we strive to create perfect representations of ourselves, which leads to perfectionism and burdens on how others see us, which further often leads to low self-esteem, anxiety and depression (the rise of which is also notes in recent years), but also loneliness because it worsens the quality of human relationships. In order to feel true connection, it is necessary to show a vulnerability that we cannot express if we have a bad opinion about ourselves, and if believe that we are worth only if we are perfect. True connection is when we are authentic and honest, when we show who we really are, with all our strengths and weaknesses.
We can’t consider the future without mentioning the robots. In Japan, where loneliness is a big social problem, thousands of men have virtual partners. And here’s another interesting phenomenon – sex robots. In America, at $ 20,000, you can buy sex robots that look like humans, talk, and have facial expressions. They are not perfect, but in a couple of dozen years I believe it will be difficult to distinguish a robot from a real human. Some research shows that one in four men would consent to have sex with a human robot. In an interview with the maker of those robots, journalist Katie Couric asked him whether sex robots would replace real human relationships, to which the maker replied: “It will never happen. It is an alternative, not a replacement”. However, when she asked a customer, who bought 4 robots like this, did he lack a relationship with a real, sensitive person who could truly empathize with him, he replied: “It’s funny, but I don’t miss that at all. I was married for 15 years and creating a companion that you can physically program so that they won’t lie to you and that will always be honest is great. In 20 years, it will be normal. ”Robots are also being programmed to be friends with us, increasingly used by lonely, elderly people, then disabled people, but also by people who feel lonely and who are suffering emotional losses. Why would anyone want to have a close relationship with robots at all? There are many reasons for this: robots can always be there for us, we can tell them everything; they can be programmed to always provide understanding and solace, to keep secrets, to help with practical problems, not to condemn; we don’t have to care about them; we are always the center of attention in relation with them and they never leave us. In fact, we are lonely, but we are afraid of the pain that human relationships might cause us, so we turn to robots. We expect more from modern technology and less from people.
The theme of this paper is the future of friendships, and I have described today the changes in friendships that are primarily due to the digital revolution, but as I noted at the beginning, I believe that the future will only be a more pronounced present: an even greater increase in loneliness, anxiety, perfectionism, then declining face-to-face conversations, play and self-esteem in humans; even more obsessed with other people’s opinions and social networks; increasingly intimate relationships with holograms, virtual friends, robots. I’m not claiming all these changes are bad, but I think most lead to alienating people. It seems to me that we will less and less rely on each other in the future, which can greatly endanger our mental health and life satisfaction. As psychotherapist Esther Perel puts it: “The quality of our relationships determines the quality of our lives.” Unless we learn to live better together, I do not believe we will have a bright future.
* This is article is based on the works of Sherry Turkle, Katie Couric, Peter Gray, Brene Brown, Esther Perel and my own observations.
The Future of Fake News by Jasmin Sara
We’ve all heard the term ‘fake news’. It has become a buzzword in recent years, especially since the 2016 US presidential election. Fake news is information created in bad faith to deceive the public, for a myriad of reasons. What is important to understand with fake news is who the perpetrators are, or who stands to gain. Oftentimes this is simply online trolls looking to go as viral as they can with their deceit. The more malicious intent, however, is for political gain, and this is what the term fake news is readily associated with.
The future of fake news in like 2050 is clouded. It is mired in uncertainty about rapidly developing technology and steps that can be taken to counteract it. The current state of fake news is worse than ever. The spread of fake news has become increasingly rampant as media has diversified and grown, and there are now more places to get your news than ever. More and more people are getting their news from Facebook or Twitter or other social media sites. This kind of information is hard to control. There’s too much out there to fact check everything, and people are inclined to believe what they read. It’s also much easier to hit a few keys and share something, and fake news can become widespread rapidly. Most people who read fake news will never find out it wasn’t true.
Media ethicist Stephen Ward says that the increasing polarization of politics and growth of global media in journalism has led to the fake news explosion. He also points to extreme populism, with its deliberate and divisive appeal to the masses, and specifically its utilization by the far right. “This is demagoguery going back to ancient Greece,” he said of right-wing groups abusing populism. “Only now they have the power of global media and social media to infiltrate and spread conspiracy theories and fake news.”
Ward has proposed solutions to what he says is a much more complex problem than it seems. The future (2050) fake news crisis will not just be solved by mainstream journalists taking more responsibility and becoming more ethical. “Journalists have to start joining and participating in projects with other civic groups to make people aware of how to analyze media, fight back, and detox the public sphere,” Ward said.
Teaching media ethics literacy at a younger age, such as in middle and high schools, is another solution Ward suggests.“ [Such education would involve] how the media operates, how we as citizens use our media, and how messages get circulated,” said Ward. “This would be an institutional, structural change.” He added that journalists need to go to schools and hold seminars if teachers are not available.
Ward also points out that more globally-minded teaching and a stronger code of ethics needs to be put in place by journalism schools. “We can’t just keep giving students practical toolkits,” he said. “We need to give them histories of religion, histories of terrorism in different cultures, that sort of knowledge of the world. Also, knowledge of populism, and how to identify these different groups.” He also said there is “very little written in ethics about how we are to report on a guy like Donald Trump, or how we’re supposed to report on populist groups.”
Our technology is very important to the current and future (2050) state of fake news in how it can help us counteract it. Weichang Du, a computer science professor at UNB, explained what is currently available to counteract fake news. There is software out there to detect fake news, however, Du said it has a problem.
“These programs need to start with a training site designed by a human to learn what they’re looking for, and the problem is that humans are biased,” Du said. “This means that often times, the programs are only as good as the human designing the training site.” He recommended programs that can pull data from an organization’s site and tell you how reliable they are based on their track record. This can be used to guide your reading and can tell you if you should check another source.
The future in 2050 of technology relating to fake news is murky, but the general direction is to improve machine learning so it doesn’t have to be reliant on human biases. This would involve using big data: extremely large data sets that machines can analyze at a fast rate. “Data science can be used to identify percentages on how likely it is that something is fake. The problem with big data is that it’s hard to draw specific conclusions from it, which is where the percentage comes in. Research is being done now to continually improve the percentage you get.”
The Brunswickan strives to provide its readers accurate and ethical reporting, this is only the start to fixing the future of fake news crisis. Data science and technology may be able to inform our news consumption, but it isn’t perfect and it won’t be for the foreseeable future in 2050 perhaps. It is a complicated problem that requires a multi-faceted solution. “Our democracy as I understand it is at risk,” Ward said. “We have to defend ourselves as individuals from being manipulated.
Respiratory virus pandemic by Jelica Andjelovic
Sept. 18, 2050 – Usually, at this time of year, health officials prepare for the annual cold and flu season. But this year, there is an old player in the game for respiratory diseases who cheers the experts for the worst – SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome).
As the weather cools and people spend more time indoors, diseases that spread by touch and sneeze bloom, causing respiratory illnesses to peak during the winter months.
Experts say the SARS-causing virus is spreading because a mutation has occurred. The first occurrence of SARS is resolved by the use of appropriate vaccines, but it does not protect against mutated forms of the virus. This deadly disease can have unprecedented consequences until a source of the virus is found or effective treatments are developed.
We determined that SARS had reappeared in the United States and across Asia. The re-emergence of this virus has led to the creation of many by-products that further exacerbate the current state. In addition to attacking the respiratory system, the corona virus also affects the cardiovascular system and leads to hypertension. Given the rate of spread of this pandemic, it is estimated that we will be left without 80 percent of the population of the United States and half of the Asian continent. Doctors around the world are working to find an adequate cure for the corona virus and destroy it completely. The effect of all known antibiotics is insufficient to prevent its multiplication.
How did SARS come back?
Earlier this month, Indonesian reported the first case of SARS to be confirmed since the last known case in the world was detected and isolated in Taiwan on June 15 2003. Officials later determined that the 45-year-old researcher likely acquired the infection in a laboratory where he worked investigating the West Nile virus as the result of accidental contamination. This virus has been found to be transmitted even with the least contact with an infected person. By spreading this contagious disease too quickly, much of Asia is at risk of contracting the disease. In addition to humans, this virus has been found in many animals, which can lead to complete extinction of certain species.
As for the United States, the first deaths caused by the corona virus after 2003 was September 10, 2050. The 27-year-old from Nevada checked into a local hospital with symptoms such as fever over 100.4°F , dry cough, sore throat, problems breathing, including shortness of breath, headache, body aches, loss of appetite, malaise, night sweats and chills, confusion, rash, diarrhea and high blood pressure. Considering that it was just a common cold, the doctors decided that this young man did not need additional hospital treatment and gave him antigiotics back to his home. After about 10 days, that young man dies. His entire close family also dies with him because of contact with an infected person. An autopsy determined that his death was caused by a corona virus. However, it has not been determined how this man managed to become infected.